What can you do when you are falsely accused at work?
3 attorney answers
I would add only, for your benefit and anyone who happens to be searching for answers, the sole exception to pure at-will employment (other than, as Mr. Marks notes, Human Rights violations) in NY is the NYC Fast Food Worker law.
If he happens to work in a fast food restaurant, he may have some protection otherwise he is in a tough spot particularly if he did not have permission to record the training session. If he believes his boss is using that as a pretextual reason to get rid of him for illegal (discriminatory or whistleblower) reasons, he should get a consultation.
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Unfortunately, under New York law, unless he has a contract or is part of a union, he is an employee at will. that means that he can be fired for any reason, even a false one, as long is it was not discriminatory (due to he age, race, national origin, etc.).
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If he is not in a union and does not have a personal contract for his employment, NY is an employment at will jurisdiction: he can be fired for any reason or no reason just not an illegal reason.
If he is in the public sector (government) then he has at least civil service rights. If he is in the private sector with a union, he should talk to a union steward.
Otherwise, he should look for a new job.
The advice provided by the author are general legal observations and based solely on the question provided. Any change to the facts very likely changes the answer. The author is licensed only in 3 states and defers to any conflicting opinion from an attorney licensed in the jurisdiction if the author is not licensed in that jurisdiction.